The Institute of Plant Protection (IPP), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), was established in August 1957. Based on Department of Plant Disease and Insect Pests and Department of Pesticide Science in North China Institute of Agricultural Sciences, IPP was founded as one of the five institutes first established in CAAS. It is a national non-profit scientific research institute that specializes in crop pest research, prevention, and control. In the evaluations organized by Ministry of Agriculture during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan, IPP ranked the second place in the comprehensive capacity and the first place in the major among all the agricultural research institutes in China. In 2012, IPP ranked the first place in the per capita strength among all the institutes in CAAS.
Organization and Discipline
There are 6 administrative departments in IPP: Department of general administration, Department of Human Resources, Department of Scientific Research Management, Department of International Cooperation and Graduate Student, Department of Achievement Transfer, Department of financial management. Capital construction office, Zhongbaolvnong S&T Group Company, Langfang Research Base for pilot studies, are also set up in IPP.
There are 10 research departments in the institute: Plant Pathology, Agricultural Entomology, Pesticide Sciences, Biological Insecticide, Molecular Plant Pathology, Pest Natural Enemies, Monitoring and Forecasting of Plant Disease and Insect Pests, Biological Invasions, Weed and Rodent Sciences, Functional Gene and Gene Safety. Aimed at the global developing trends in plant protection and domestic agricultural industry needs, IPP has identified five dominant disciplines: plant diseases (including fungal diseases, bacterial diseases, viral diseases, and nematodes); plant pests (including food crop pests, cash crop pests, and natural enemy insects); pesticides (including chemical pesticides and bio-pesticides); weeds and rodents (including farmland weeds and rodents); and crop biosafety (including prevention and control of alien invasive species and genetically modified organism safety).
Faculties and Staffs
IPP currently has 226 employees, including 60 professors and 64 associate professors, 134 persons with PhD degree. Among them, there are 2 academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering, 3 Distinguished Young Scholars awarded by National Natural Science Foundation of China, 1 talent under the “Thousand-Talent Scheme”, 1 chief scientist of National Basic Research Program (973).
Academician Yuyuan Guo Academician Kongming Wu
IPP has been selected to be one of the pilot institutes in first batch supported by the Agricultural Science and technology Innovation Program (ASTIP) in CAAS initiated in 2013. Fourteen innovation teams are involved, including Epidemics and Control of Crop Fungal Diseases (PI: Prof. Wanquan Chen), Epidemics and Control of Crop Virus Diseases (PI: Prof. Xifeng Wang), Epidemics and Control of Crop Bacterial Diseases (PI: Prof. Tingchang Zhao), Monitoring and Control of Insect Pests on Food Crops (PI: Prof. Zhenying Wang), Monitoring and Control of Insect Pests on Cash Crops (PI: Prof. Kongming Wu), Protection and Application of the Natural Enemies (PI: Prof. Xuenong Xu), Monitoring, Prevention and Management of Farmland Weeds (PI: Prof. Aocheng Cao), Pests Monitoring and Management in Rangeland (PI: Prof. Zehua Zhang), Pesticide Chemistry and Application (PI: Prof. Yongquan Zheng), Development and Application of Bio-pesticides to Insect Pests (PI: Prof. Jie Zhang), Development and Application of Bio-pesticides to Plant Diseases (PI: Prof. Dewen Qiu), Prevention and Management of Agricultural Invasive Species (PI: Prof. Fanghao Wan), Safety Assessment and Management of Biotechnology Crops (PI: Prof. Yufa Peng), Functional Genomics for Crop Pathogens and Insects (PI: Prof. Xueping Zhou).
Education & Training
IPP has the authority of conferring Master and PhD degrees in Plant Pathology, Agricultural Entomology and Pest Control, Pesticide Science, Weed Science, Invasion Biology, GMO Safety, Biological Control, Agricultural Microbiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. The institute offers a broad range of academic programs that lead to postgraduate degrees. Currently, there are 40 PhD supervisors and 108 Master supervisors. 296 full time graduate students at PhD (79) and master (217) level. There are 17 foreign graduate students in IPP. Another more than 200 graduate students are jointly trained by IPP and other universities and institutes. As the remarkable achievement has been made in IPP, Department of International Cooperation and Graduate Student has been continuously awarded as the Excellent Administrative Unit in CAAS.
“The Scholarship of IPP for Graduate Student” has been set up to inspire up excellent students on innovative research and benefit for their career development. Postgraduate association has been founded and a lot of scientific as well as social activities have been well organized. IPP provides excellent research and living conditions, good learning environment for students.
A working station for postdoctoral research of plant protection is set up as well and currently there are 63 postdoctoral researchers in the institute. IPP has gradually developed into an important training center for advanced young scientists and extension experts of plant protection in China.
Research Platforms IPP has established 14 national or ministerial key laboratories, including State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, National Agricultural Biological Security Science Center, National Center for International Research of Agricultural Bio-security, the Key Laboratory of Crop Integrated Pest Management (MOA), Laboratory of Risk Assessment on Biological Hazard Factor Influencing the Quality and Safety of Agricultural Products (MOA),Center for Management of Invasive Alien Species (MOA), MOA Inspection Test Center for Environmental Safety of Transgenic Crops (Beijing), MOA Supervision and Test Center for Disease and Insect Pest Resistance in Plant (Beijing), MOA-CABI Joint Laboratory of Bio-safety, Sino-American Biological Control Laboratory, etc, and 8 field experimental stations.
Research Achievements During the recent six years, IPP has won 4 National Awards for Science and Technology progress. “Integrated Management of Wheat Stripe Rust” won the first prize of National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology in 2012. In addition, the institute has received 57 ministerial or provincial awards. Scientists in IPP have published more than 2280 original research articles, over 630 published in the SCI/EI indexed journals, 2 research articles published in “Science”, 1 research article published in “Nature” and 1 review published in “Nature Biotechnology”. IPP has published more than 100 books and owned 103 patents.
Integrated Management of Wheat Stripe Rust
(First Prize, National Award for Science and Technology progress, China, 2012)
Warning and Monitoring Technology of Invasive Species in Agricultural System
(Second Prize, National Award for Science
and Technology progress, China, 2013)
Assessment and Management of Ecological Safety of Bt Cotton
(Second Prize, National Award for Science and Technology progress, China, 2010)
Multi-target insecticides for controlling outbreak of resistant insect pests
(Second Prize, National Award for Science and Technology progress, China, 2008)
Regional migration of cotton bollworm and its monitoring and forecasting technology
(Second Prize, National Award for Science and Technology progress, China, 2007)
International Cooperation and Exchanges
IPP places great importance on international exchanges and cooperation, and has made great achievements, therefore, IPP was named as “National Center for International Research of Agricultural Bio-security” by Ministry of Science and Technology in 2012.
IPP has established long-term cooperative partnership in the frontiers of plant protection with institutions, universities and companies from more than 30 countries or international organizations around the world, such as Australia, Belgium, Canada, Cambodia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Laos, Mexico, Mongolia, Myanmar, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, Thailand, UK, Vietnam and USA, and international organizations, for example, CABI, CIMMYT, IAEA, IRRI and UNIDO. These are mainly done through various collaborative programs and initiatives, such as scientific research projects, joint laboratories, visiting professors, academic visits, joint graduate training, bilateral workshops and international conferences, etc.
Two joint laboratories and two bases for introducing talents have been established in IPP, that is MOA-CABI Joint Lab for Bio-safety and Sino-American Biological Control Laboratory, and one base for biological control of locusts with Metarhizium and the other for demonstration and extension of pollution-free microbial pesticide production and application technology. The two joint laboratories and two bases are becoming the international cooperation and exchange platforms for our scientists. More than 80 international projects have been received. Many international symposiums were organized by IPP in the past few years, such as the 15th International Plant Protection Congress in 2004, the 13th International Conference on Cereal Rust and Powdery Mildew in 2012, the 1st and 2nd International Congress on Biological Invasions in 2009 and 2013, the 6th International Weed Science Congress, etc.
Additionally, many scientists in IPP serve as editors of international scientific journals while others are appointed to various international academic societies and committees, constantly strengthening exchanges and cooperation between IPP and the international scientific community. Twelve top scientists from USA, UK, Belgium and CABI, including Prof. Xinnian Dong (Academician of American Academy of Science, from Duke University), Prof. Jan E. Leach (National Science Advisory Board for Biosafety, USA, Distinguished Professor from Colorado State University), etc, have been appointed as the visiting professors of IPP-CAAS. Dr. Ulrich Kuhlmann, the Regional Director of CABI-Switzerland Center, received “Chinese Government Friendship Award” in 2012.
The 13th International Cereal Rusts and Powdery Mildews Conference
International Congress on
The 15th International Plant Protection Congress
The 6th International Weed Science Congress
Society & Journals
China Society of Plant Protection is affiliated to the institute. IPP publishes 2 academic journals in conjunction with the China Society of Plant Protection, Chinese Journal of Biological Control and Plant Protection.
Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Address: No. 2 West Yuanmingyuan Rd., Haidian District,
Beijing, 100193, P. R. China