Institute of Animal Sciences (IAS), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) was established in 1957. It is a national multi-discipline research organization in the field of animal science. There are currently 166 staff members in the institute, among which 149 are scientists and technicians, including 1 academician of Chinese Engineering Academy, 39 professors, 47 associate professors, and 89 doctor degree holders. IAS covers a total area of 551 mu (37 ha) with 60,000 m2 of buildings area，including 4 experimental bases such as the experimental farm 15Km north to the Institute, where is the Livestock Branch under the State Changping Integrated Research Center for Agri-Engineering and Technology located. In the institute, laboratories are equipped with sophisticated and cutting-edge equipment and instruments. The institute sets up 6 research departments, namely: Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Animal Biotechnology and Reproduction, Animal Germplasm Resources and Production, Grassland Science, Veterinary Medicine and Livestock Product Quality and Safety as well as a central laboratory for chemical analysis.
The IAS carries out applied and fundamental research and technical development and research with swine, poultry, cattle, sheep and goats as main research objectives. The institute puts emphasis on the areas of germplasm resources, genetics and breeding, reproduction, feed science, nutrition and animal bio-technology, veterinary medicine, in order to solve the scientific and technical problems in animal production which are crucial, basic, commonly encountered or orientation-determining for the animal production. Moreover it is also engaged in organizing and coordinating key national research projects, extension of research achievements and advanced techniques, training of high-ranking scientists and technicians, promotion of domestic and international scientific exchange and collaboration. Above all, it is in charge of editing and publishing national academic journals such as Chinese Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science and China Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Medicine (original Animal Science Abroad).
During the past 57 years, IAS has gained 226 scientific research achievements, of which, 122 have been awarded prizes, including 21 national prizes, 50 provincial prizes, with 89 of which obtained national patent rights and 22 new breeds and cultivars. In the year of 1996, the institute was honored with the title of "Top 100 Institute" and "Top 10 Institute in the Basic Agricultural Research" for the national scientific research and development capability among national agricultural research institutions. It has the authority of conferring master and doctoral degrees in Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Animal Production and Animal Reproduction, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Grassland Science and receiving post-doctor training in the same fields. In the past 57 years, 359 masters and 139 doctors graduated from the institute, 521 professional works and more than 3226 thesis were published.
I RESEARCH FIELDS
1 Animal Nutrition and Feed Science Study the absorption and the metabolism of nutrients in animal, the synergetic effect and the antagonistic action among nutrients, the mechanism and the practice methods about the nutritional adjustment. By means of the nutritional regulation, increasing the level of animal health, improving the feed conversation rate, decreasing the level of contamination of animal production, improving the quality of animal products, supporting the sustained development of animal industry. Research area: • Poultry nutrition;
• Pig nutrition;
• Ruminant nutrition;
• Mineral elements metabolism;
• Nutritional evaluation of feedstuff;
• Animal nutrition physiology and biochemistry;
• Animal nutrition and products;
• Feed additives;
• Feed biotechnology;
• Exploration of feedstuff resources;
• Ecological nutrition;
• Feed information and database.
2 Animal Germplasm Resources and Breeding To innovate breeding system and germ plasm resource, with the research emphases on collection, monitoring, evaluation, conservancy theory and method of genetic resources, inheritance rules of genomic traits in farm animals, new technology of molecular breeding.，breeding new breeds with high quality and efficiency. Research area: • Collection, conservation, utilization and germ plasm evaluation on animal genetic resources
• Establishing the somatic cell bank for long-term preservation of animal genetic resources
• Establishing the database of animal genetic resources;
• Theories and methods on animal genetic resources conservation;
• Functional genomics research on major animal genetic resources;
• Genetic diversity of domestic animal breeds;
• Pig breeding and production;
• Beef cattle breeding and production;
• Sheep and goat breeding and production;
• Beijing duck breeding and production;
• Color-feathered meat type chicken breeding;
• Utilization and extension of hybrid technique.
3 Animal Biotechnology and Reproduction The main goal of the Department of Animal Biotechnology and Reproduction is breeding domestic animals by new theory and technology of animal Science. The researches of this Department, related to genetic engineering, cell engineering and protein engineering, are mainly concentrated on the study of special domestic animal genomics, such as localization, isolation and cloning of top-quality, high-production, and stress-resistant genes. The techniques of gene knock-out, gene- transfer, animal cloning, and domestic animal stem cells are also researched in this Department. Research area: • Domestic animal cloning techniques;
• New method of cultivating transgenic animal;
• Domestic animal embryo-engineering, including embryo transferring, bisection, embryo sexing, IVF and chimera;
• The bioreactor of mammary gland and avian egg;
• The structural and functional genome of WZS swine and Beijing fat chicken;
• The technique of domestic animal embryo engineering and its accessory;
4 Grassland Science Based on the collection, conservation and evaluation of forage germplasm, conduct the research works on exploration of excellent forage gene resources, germplasm enhancement, breed new cultivars of forage and turf grass; develop the new technology for cultivation, management and utilization of forage and turf grass, and for sustainable development of grassland resources. Research area: • Collection, conservation and evaluation of germplasm resources of forage crops;
• Genetics, breeding and biotechnology of forage crops;
• Cultivation, management and utilization of forage crops and turf grasses;
• Grassland ecology and sustainable utilization of grassland resources.
5 Veterinary Medicine Based on the capital theory and technique of animal biochemistry, microbiology, immunology and lemology，it will supply a technique support for synthetic prevention and control of animal diseases to study on epidemiology, diagnostic technique and new type vaccine of pet zoonoses, key animal diseases and exotic animal diseases. Research area: • Epidemiology of pet diseases;
• Diagnostic technique of tuberculosis, pet diseases and exotic animal diseases;
• Genetically engineering vaccine of animal diseases;
• Pet diseases and public health;
• Integrated prevention and control of animal diseases.
6 Livestock product quality and safety The main aim of department is standing on the national needs of Livestock product quality and safety and focusing on developing high throughput testing technology, risk precaution technology to provide strong technical support for livestock industry. Research area: • Mechanism on livestock product quality and risk formation;
• Analysis technology on livestock product quality and safety;
• Risk precaution on livestock product quality and safety.
II MAIN ACHIEVEMNETS ♦ Survey on Distribution of Selenium Concentration Throughout China;
♦ Survey on Animal and Poultry Germplasm Resources and Compilation of “Animal and Poultry Breeds in China”;
♦ Tables of Feed Composition and Nutrition Value in China;
♦ Feeding Standard and Formulas for Chickens and Pigs;
♦ Nutritional Parameters and New Feed Formulation Technologies for Chickens;
♦ The Integrated Technology of Pasture Development for Ruminant Production in Subtropical Hilly Regions of Southern China;
♦ Synthesis of Rumen Microorganisms Urease Inhibitor and Its Utilization in Animal Production;
♦ Crossbreeding Combination of Meat-type Commercial Pigs and Integrated Management Schemes for the Crossbreds;
♦ Chinese Simmental Cattle Breeding;
♦ Breeding of New Strains of Yellow-feather Chicken;
♦ Cluster Analysis of Breeds in Chinese Yellow Cattle;
♦ Study on Toxicity, Detoxification and Utilization of Woody Protein Feed Resource-Leuceana Leucocephala in China;
♦ Character of Sexual Precocity and High Prolificacy of Taihu Pig;
♦ Integrated Standard for Meat Type Pig;
♦ Technology of Rapid Cramming For Pigs In Collective Raising (Interim Progress);
♦ JMC-1 Type Oestrus Detecting Machine;
♦ Porcine Ultrasound View Gallery.
“Zhongmu No.1~6” alfalfa
Z type Beijing duck
Yellow Broilers New Strains
III INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION The IAS devotes itself to the international academic exchange and cooperation by sending young scientists abroad for advanced study and cooperative research and receiving visitors from all over the world. It has organized and held several international conferences and regional training courses, undertaken 41 international collaborations and established cooperative relationship with the colleagues from USA, Britain, France, Italy, Korean, EU, FAO, IAEA and International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). The Joint Laboratory on Livestock and Forage Genetic Resources （JLLFGR）between CAAS and ILRI was established in Institute of Animal Science in 2004. JFLLGR has play very important role in cooperation, international academic exchange and staff training. The IAS increased its influence by organizing “International Symposium on Dairy Cow Nutrition and Milk Quality” three times and “International Symposium on Forage, Turf-grass and Biofuel Germplasm Research”.
IV GRADUATE EDUCATION Up to now, there are 29 PhD tutors and 66 master tutors in IAS. 139 PhDs and 359 Masters have graduated from IAS, while 44 PhD students and 128 Master students are studying in IAS.
V DEVELOPMENT AND EXTENTION The IAS takes an active part in promoting the transformation of scientific achievement, providing technical support for the development and utilization of animal and poultry breeds, bio-technology, feed crops and deep processing of animal products involved in animal science. It supplies farmers and breeders with fine animal elite and forage seeds, such as Jingxing yellow feather broiler, Z type Beijing duck, Chinese Simmental cattle and, et al, and develops synthetic technology of CLA regulation of dairy cows, “Zhongmu No.1~6”alfalfa genetic improvement and industrialization production of excellent local livestock breeds，Supporting Production Technology of high quality and functional animal products et al, and trains various types of animal husbandry science and technology personnel.
Contacts: Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Address: 2 Yuanmingyuan West Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100193, P.R. China
Phone: +86-10-62815862 / 62895371